# Percentage formulas while increase and decrease percent of a number

## Percentage formulas | percentage calculations with examples

Percentage calculation is one of the important part in mathematics. Percentage formulas very helpful to all competitive exams as well as in our daily life. In this artical provides different types of  formulas for percentage calculation with examples.

### Type 1 : General Percent formulas.

Find X is what percent on Y ? X is what percent greater than Y ? is what percent lesser than Y ? Examples for the above percentage formulas

Ex. 1 : 25 is what percent on 40 ?

solution : (25/40) x 100 = 62.5%

Ex. 2 : 25 is what percent less than 40 ?

solution : [(40-25)/40] x 100 = 37.5%

Ex. 3 : 50 is what percent greater than 40 ?

solution : [(50-40)/40] x 100 = 25%

### Type 2 : Net change of a number while percentage increase or decrease.

Net change of a number while increased by and then again increased by Y. Net change of a number while decreased by and then again decreased by Y. The Net change of a number while increased by and then again decreased by Y. Net change of a number while decreased by and then again increased by Y. Hints:

1. Increase means ” + ”  sign and decreased means ” – ” sign . If net change is positive, it means final value  increased. If net change is negative, it means final value  decreased.
2. A number increases by  x and then again decreases by , (i.e same percent) then, net value always decreases by  (x / 10)2
3. If a number decreases by  x and then again increases by , (i.e same percent) then, net value always decreases by  (x / 10)2

Examples for the above percentage formulas

Ex.1 :  Find the net percent change of a number while it is increased by 20 and then again increased by 1

Solution : 20 + 10 + ( 20 x 10 /100) = 32%  increased.

Ex.2 :  Find the net value of a number  ” 60 “while it is increased by 25 and then again decreased by 15

Solution : 25 – 15 – (25 x 15/100) = 25 – 15 – 3.75 = 6.25 %  ( increased )

= 60 + (60 x 6.25 %)  = 60 + [ 60 x (6.25/100)] = 60 + 3.75 = 63.75.

Ex.3 :  Find the net value of a number  ” 240 “while it is decreased by 30 and then again increased by 10

Solution : -30 + 10 – (30 x 10/100) = – 30 + 10 – 3 = – 23 %  ( decreased )

= 240 – (240 x 23 %)  = 240 – [ 240 x (23/100)] = 240 – 55.2 = 184.8.

Ex.4 :  Find the net percent change of a number while it is decreased by 20 and then again decreased by 30

Solution : – 20 – 30 + ( 20 x 30 /100) = -20 – 30 + 6% = -44% (decreased).

Ex.5 : Find the net change in revenue,  If price of a commodity decreases by and again its price increases by

Solution :  – 10 + 20 – (10 x 20/100) = -10 + 20 -2 =  8 %

The final price of the commodity increased by 8%.

Ex.6 : Find the net change in revenue,  If price of a commodity decreases by and again its price increases by 1

Solution :   (15 / 10)2  = 2.25 %

The final price of the commodity decreased by 2.25%.

### Type 3 : Net percent change in area of circle or square

If radius of a circle is increased by , then its area is increased by If radius of a circle is decreased by , then its area is decreased by Examples for the above percentage formulas

Ex.1 : Find the net change in area of a circle ,  If radius of the circle decreases by and again its radius increases by 10

Solution :   – 20 + 10 – [(20 x 10) / 100)]  = -10 – 2 = -12% ( i.e radius decreased by 12% so change in radius 1- 0.12 = 0.88)

Area =    π x r2  = π x (0.88 r)2  =  0.7744 x  π x r2

So Area of the circle decreased by 100- 77.44 = 22.56%

Ex.2 : Find the net change in area of a circle ,  If radius of the circle increases by and again decreases by 10

Solution :   30 – 10 – [(30 x 10) / 100)]  = 20 – 3 = -17% ( i.e radius increased by 17% so change in radius 1+0.17 = 1.17)

Area =    π x r2  = π x (1.17 r)2  = 1.3689 x  π x r2

So Area of the circle increased by 136.89 – 100 = 36.89%

Ex.3 : Find the net change in area of a square ,  If side of the square increases by .

Solution :  (2 x 30) + (30 x 30 /100) = 60 + 9 = 69%

So Area of the square increased by 69%

Ex.4 : Find the net change in area of a circle ,  If radius of the circle decreases by .

Solution :  – (2 x 18) + (18 x 18 /100) = – 36 +3.24 = – 32.73%.

So Area of the circle increased by 32.73%. Math Tricks

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## 3 thoughts on “Percentage formulas while increase and decrease percent of a number”

#### Cube Root formula of Perfect Cubes of 1 to 100 | Cube root formula in math

(October 12, 2017 - 5:00 pm)

[…] Percentage formulas while increase and decrease percent of a number […]

#### Shortcuts for Multiplication of numbers | Easy way for Multiplications

(January 31, 2018 - 4:17 pm)

[…] Percentage formulas while increase and decrease percent of a number […] #### parul panwar

(October 3, 2019 - 5:13 pm)

Price of Arhar Dal has risen by 12% this morning month. If it was sold at Rs60/kg at what price it is being sold this month